Affirming that privacy is a fundamental human right set out in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and other human rights instruments and national constitutions; […]

From The Public Voice

Global Privacy Standards for a Global World
The Madrid Privacy Declaration
3 November 2009

Affirming that privacy is a fundamental human right set out in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and other human rights instruments and national constitutions;

Reminding the EU member countries of their obligations to enforce the provisions of the 1995 Data Protection Directive and the 2002 Electronic Communications Directive;

Reminding the other OECD member countries of their obligations to uphold the principles set out in the 1980 OECD Privacy Guidelines;

Reminding all countries of their obligations to safeguard the civil rights of their citizens and residents under the provisions of their national constitutions and laws, as well as international human rights law;

Anticipating the entry into force of provisions strengthening the Constitutional rights to privacy and data protection in the European Union;

Noting with alarm the dramatic expansion of secret and unaccountable surveillance, as well as the growing collaboration between governments and vendors of surveillance technology that establish new forms of social control;

Further noting that new strategies to pursue copyright and unlawful content investigations pose substantial threats to communications privacy, intellectual freedom, and due process of law;

Further noting the growing consolidation of Internet-based services, and the fact that some corporations are acquiring vast amounts of personal data without independent oversight;

Warning that privacy law and privacy institutions have failed to take full account of new surveillance practices, including behavioral targeting, databases of DNA and other biometric identifiers, the fusion of data between the public and private sectors, and the particular risks to vulnerable groups, including children, migrants, and minorities;

Warning that the failure to safeguard privacy jeopardizes associated freedoms, including freedom of expression, freedom of assembly, freedom of access to information, non-discrimination, and ultimately the stability of constitutional democracies;

Civil Society takes the occasion of the 31st annual meeting of the International Conference of Privacy and Data Protection Commissioners to:

(1) Reaffirm support for a global framework of Fair Information Practices that places obligations on those who collect and process personal information and gives rights to those whose personal information is collected;

(2) Reaffirm support for independent data protection authorities that make determinations, in the context of a legal framework, transparently and without commercial advantage or political influence;

(3) Reaffirm support for genuine Privacy Enhancing Techniques that minimize or eliminate the collection of personally identifiable information and for meaningful Privacy Impact Assessments that require compliance with privacy standards;

(4) Urge countries that have not ratified Council of Europe Convention 108 together with the Protocol of 2001 to do so as expeditiously as possible;

(5) Urge countries that have not yet established a comprehensive framework for privacy protection and an independent data protection authority to do so as expeditiously as possible;

(6) Urge those countries that have established legal frameworks for privacy protection to ensure effective implementation and enforcement, and to cooperate at the international and regional level;

(7) Urge countries to ensure that individuals are promptly notified when their personal information is improperly disclosed or used in a manner inconsistent with its collection;

(8) Recommend comprehensive research into the adequacy of techniques that deidentify; data to determine whether in practice such methods safeguard privacy and anonymity;

(9) Call for a moratorium on the development or implementation of new systems of mass surveillance, including facial recognition, whole body imaging, biometric identifiers, and embedded RFID tags, subject to a full and transparent evaluation by independent authorities and democratic debate; and

(10) Call for the establishment of a new international framework for privacy protection, with the full participation of civil society, that is based on the rule of law, respect for fundamental human rights, and support for democratic institutions.

3 November 2009
Madrid, Spain

Please send your signature to privacy AT Datos-personales dot org

SIGNATORIES (as of November 10 2009)


Action Consommation (France)
ADIAR: Asociación de Derecho Informático de Argentina (Argentina)
AEDH: European Association for the defense of Human Rights (Europe)
Ageia Densi (Argentina)
The Aktionsbündnis Freiheit statt Angst e.V. (Germany)
AK DATEN e.V.: Working Team on Fundamental Rights, informational Self-Determination and Privacy (Germany)
ALCEI – Associazione per la Libertà nella Comunicazione Elettronica Interattiva (Italy)
Alfa-Redi (Peru/International)
AK Vorrat Berlin e.V (Germany)
APWKOMITEL: Association of Community Internet Centre (Indonesia)
ARCH – Action on Rights for Children (UK)
Australian Communications Consumer Action Network (Australia)
Australia Privacy Foundation (Australia)
APC: Association for Progressive Communications (International)
APTI: Association for Technology and Internet/ (Romania)
Association UNINET (Bulgaria)
Asociación de Internautas (Spain)
BigBrotherAwards Deutschland(Germany)
BNNRC: Bangladesh NGOs Network for Radio and Communication (Bangladesh)
Bits of Freedom (The Netherlands)
Bytes For All (Pakistan)
CCH: Collectif contre l’homophobie (France)
CDD: Center for Digital Democracy (United States)
CDNUA: Chinese Domain Name Users Alliance (China)
CEU: Center for Media and Communications Studies (CMCS), Central European University (Hungary)
Citizen Lab, Munk Centre for International Studies, University of Toronto (Canada)
Civil Liberties Australia
CFA: Consumer Federation of America (United States)
Consumer Focus (UK)
Consumers Korea (South Korea)
CLI: Comisión de Libertades e Informática (Spain)
CHOICE: The Australian Consumer Association (Choice)
CIS: Centre for Internet and Society (India)
CIPPIC: Samuelson-Glushko Canadian Internet Policy & Public Interest Clinic (Canada)
CREIS: Centre de coordination pour la Recherche et l’Enseignement en Informatique et Société (France)
CRID: Le Centre de Recherches Informatique et Droit (Belgium)
CSDPTT: Coopération-Solidarité-Développement (France/Africa)
Deutsche Vereinigung fuer Datenschutz e.V. (Germany)
Digital Rights Ireland (Ireland)
Digital Rights Denmark (Denmark)
EDRI: European Digital Rights (Europe)
Enterprise Privacy Group
EFF: Electronic Frontier Foundation (United States/International)
EFA: Electronic Frontiers Australia
Effi: Electronic Frontier Finland (Finland)
Електронна граница България”/ Electronic Frontier Bulgaria (Bulgaria)
EPIC: Electronic Privacy Information Center (United States/International)
Eotvos Karoly Policy Institute (Hungary)
EsLaRed (Venezuela)
Foundation for Media Alternatives (Philippines)
FACT: Freedom Against Censorship Thailand (Thailand)
FoeBuD e.V.(Germany)
FSU: Fédération syndicale unitaire (France)
Fundación Guatemala 2020
GISTI: Groupe d’information et de soutien des immigrés” (France)
Global Voices Advocacy
ICT Consumers Association of Kenya (Republic Kenya)
ICRI: Interdisciplinary Centre for Law & ICT (Belgium)
IIJusticia: Instituto de Investigación para la Justicia (Argentina/International)
IDEC: Instituto Brasileiro de Defesa do Consumidor (Brasil)
Internet Governance Project (United States)
IISI: Instituto Iberoamericano de Investigacion para la Sociedad de la Informacion (Argentina/Iberoamerica)
IP Justice (United States/International)
IRIS: Imaginons un réseau Internet solidaire (France)
ISOC: Internet Society Bulgaria (Bulgaria)
ISOC India Chennai (India)
ISOC: l’Internet Society France (France)
ISOC: Internet Society Phillipines (Philippines)
ISOC: Internet Society New York (United States)
Jinbonet: Korean Progressive Network (South Korea)
JonDos (Germany)
LDH: Ligue des droits de l’homme (France)
Monitor de privacidad y acceso a la informacion
MOGiS e.V., MissbrauchsOpfer Gegen InternetSperren AbuseVictims Agains Internet Censorship (Germany)
Mujeres Centroamericanas por el Software Libre (Central America)
NACPEC: North American Consumer Project on Electronic Commerce (Mexico)
Instituto Nupef (Brasil)
NSW Council for Civil Liberties (Australia)
Pakistan ICT Policy Monitors Network (Pakistan)
Pangea: Comunicació per a la Cooperació (Spain)
Privacy International (UK/International)
Privacy France (France)
Privacy Journal (United States)
Primer Palabra (Guatemala)
Quintessenz (Austria)
SAF: Syndicat des avocats de France (France)
SNUipp-FSU: Syndicat National des Instituteurs, professeurs des écoles et pegc (France)
The European Privacy Institute (Europe)
Telecommunities Canada (Canada)
Verbraucherzentrale Bundesverband e.V. The Federation of German Consumer Organisations (Germany)
Via Libre Foundation (Argentina)
VIBE!AT – Austrian Association for Internet Users (Austria)
VECAM (France)
VOICE (Bangladesh)
World Privacy Forum (United States)

EXPERTS (Signatures as of November 3, 2009)

Dean Anita L. Allen, University of Pennsylvania Law School (United States)

Dr. Andrew A. Adams, Lecturer in Systems Engineering, University of Reading (UK)

Alan G. Alegre, Executive Director, FMA (Phillipines)

Matías Altamira – Director de la Diplomatura en Derecho y Tecnología, Universidad Blas Pascal – Córdoba (Argentina)

Jorge Amodio, San Antonio, Texas (United States)

Prof. Michel Arnaud Chair on digital identity Head of CRIS lab University of Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense (France)

Grayson Barber, Esq., of Grayson Barber LLC (United States)

Celia Blanco Vallejo, Independent Researcher and Consultant in IT Law (Spain)

Rocco Bellanova, Law, Science, Technology & Society (LSTS), Vrije, Universiteit Brussel (Belgium)

Prof. Colin J. Bennett, Department of Political Science, University of Victoria (Canada)

Fouad Bajwa, Internet Governance & ICT4D Researcher & Advisor Member Multistakeholder Access Group UN-Internet Governance Forum

Sami Ben Gharbia, Director, Global Voices Advocacy

Roberto Bustamante Vento, Investigador, Centro Peruano de Estudios Sociales (Perú)

Dr. Ian Brown, Senior Research Fellow, Oxford Internet Institute University of Oxford (UK)

Prof. Roger Clarke, Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, Visiting Professor Cyberspace Law & Policy (Australia)

Chris Connolly, Director, Galexia (Australia)

Centre UNSW, and Chair, Australian Privacy Foundation (Australia)

Prof. Julie E. Cohen, Professor of Law, Georgetown University Law Center (United States)

Prof. Andrew Clement, Professor, Faculty of Information, Coordinator, Information Policy Research Program, University of Toronto

Prof. Paul De Hert, Professor Vrije Universiteit Brussels & University Tilburg (Belgium)

Mariano Del Río, Consultor en Seguridad de la Información (Argentina)

Daniel Dietrich, Berlin (Germany)

Pamela Dixon, author and researcher (United States)

Prof. Charles D. Raab, Professor Emeritus and Honorary Professorial Fellow, University of Edinburgh (United Kingdon)

William J. Drake. Senior Associate, Centre for International Governance, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies Geneva, (Switzerland)

Dr. Jean-Marc Dinant, Senior Lecturer, University of Namur (Belgium)

Prof. David H. Flaherty, professor emeritus, University of Western Ontario; Information and Privacy Commissioner, British Columbia, Canada, 1993-99 (Canada)

Prof. Horacio Fernández Delpech, Prof. Titular de Derecho Informático en la Universidad del Salvador (USAL), Prof. Maestría en Derecho Empresario de la Universidad Austral (Argentina)

Ivan Ferrando, Presidente, Centro de Estudios de la sociedad y tecnologías de la información (Peru)

Alex Gakuru – ICT Expert in private capacity (Kenya)

Marie Georges, Independent Expert (France)

Prof. Michael A. Geist, Canada Research Chair in Internet and E-commerce Law, University of Ottawa, Faculty of Law (United States)

Dr. Carlos G. Gregorio, researcher and consultant in justice administration (Argentina)

Prof. Graham Greenleaf, Professor of Law, University of New South Wales and Academic Director, Cyberspace Law & Policy Centre (Australia)

Prof. Serge Gutwirth, Law, Science, Technology & Society (LSTS), Vrije Universiteit Brussel (Belgium)

Tracy Hackshaw, Independent Researcher & Consultant (Trinidad & Tobago)

CJ Hinke, Advisor, Wikileaks

Mireille Hildebrandt, Senior Researcher, Centre for Law Science Technology and Society, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (Belgium)

Thierry Kopernik, Juriste en droit de la consommation – Secrétaire de Action Consommation (France)

Tom Heydt-Benjamin, Security Expert (Switzerland/United States)

Dr. Kristina Irion, Assistant Professor, Central European University (Hungary)

Jean-Yves Gatete, General secretary ,Collectif National pour le développement humanitaire, CNDH Burundi, UN-Internet Governance Forum-MAG

Erick Iriarte Ahon, Director Ejecutivo, Alfa-Redi (Peru)

Anna Johnston, Director, Salinger Privacy (Australia)

Prof. Danielle Keats Citron, Professor of Law, University of Maryland School of Law (United States)

Frederik Kortbæk, Director, LL.M., Dansk Privacy Netværk (Denmark)

Prof. Wolfgang Kleinwächterm, University of Aarhus (Germany)

Mag. Andreas Krisch, CEO mksult GmbH (Austria)

Cedric Laurant, Independent researcher and consultant, European telecommunications law and Internet policy (Belgium)

Vincent Langlet (France)

Prof. Rebecca Mackinnon Assistant Professor at the University of Hong Kong’s Journalism and Media Studies Centre, Founder Global Voices (Hong Kong)

Dr. Meryem Marzouki, Senior Researcher, CNRS, Computer Science Laboratory of Paris (France)

Prof. Jorge Machado, School of Arts, Sciences and Humanities, University of Sao Paulo, (Brazil)

Professor Andrew D Mitchell, Visiting Associate Professor of Law, Georgetown University Law Centre (United States)

Dr. Jean-Pierre Masse, Sociologist, Assistant Researcher CERI/Sciences, Po, Paris, (France).

Alana Maurushat, Lecturer, Faculty of Law, The University of New South Wales (Australia)

TJ McIntyre, Lecturer in Law, School of Law, University College Dublin

Prof. Hiram A. Meléndez-Juarbe, University of Puerto Rico Law School (Puerto Rico)

Prof. Lateef Mtima, Professor of Law and Director, Institute for Intellectual Property and Social Justice, Howard University School of Law (United States)

France MIREMONT, Conseil en Communication & Internet (France)

Erich Moechel, Mag. Phil., University of Applied Sciences Vienna (Austria)

Peter Molnar, Senior Research Fellow, Center for Media and Communication Studies Central European University (Hungary)

Prof. Pablo G. Molina, Associate VP and CIO, Adjunct Professor, Georgetown University Law Center (United States)

Sivasubramanian Muthusamy, President ISOC Chenai

Peter Munkacsi, IP Expert, Budapest (Hungary)

Pablo Ouziel, University of Victoria Department of Political Science (Canada)

Professor Margaret D. Osborne, School of Business Management, Seneca College, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)

Padeluun, Director, FoeBuD e.V. (Germany)

Prof. Frank Pasquale, Loftus Professor of Law, Seton Hall Law School, One Newark Center (United States)

Prof. Yves Poullet, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Namur (Belgium)

Michael Rahe, Legal Advisor, Berlin (Germany)

Prof. Charles D. Raab, Professor Emeritus and Honorary Professorial Fellow, University of Edinburgh

Prof. Joel R. Reidenberg, Professor of Law and Director, Center on Law and Information Policy Fordham University School of Law (United States)

Prof. Marc Rotenberg, Adjunct Professor of Law, Georgetown University Law Center (United States)

Thomas Ruddy (Switzerland)

Raymond Ku, Professor of Law, Co-Director, Center for Law, Technology & the Arts, Case Western Reserve University School of Law

Prof. Katherine J. Strandburg, Professor of Law, New York University (United States)

Dr. Fumio Shimpo, Associate Professor, Keio University (Japan)

Dr. Anne SY Cheung, Associate Professor, Department of Law, The University of Hong Kong (Hong Kong)

Rena Tangens, Director, FoeBuD e.V. (Germany)

Cynthia Téllez Gutiérrez, Jefa de la División de Protección de Datos Personales y Acceso a la Información, Iriarte & Asociados (Peru)

Prof. Samuel Trosow, Associate Professor, University of Western Ontario, Faculty of Law, Faculty of Information & Media Studies (Canada)

David Vaile, Executive Director, Cyberspace Law & Policy Centre, Law Faculty, University of New South Wales, Sydney (Australia)

Prof. Dr. Henry Vallejo Ballesteros, Profesor Universidad Estatal de Bolívar (Ecuador)

Prof. Raymond Wacks, Emeritus Professor of Law and Legal Theory Podere Oliveto, Ponteginori (Italy)

Prof. Hong Xue, Chair of Council, Chinese Domain Name Users Alliance (China)

Liu Yong, China University of Political Science and Law (China)

Michael Zimmer, PhD, Assistant Professor, School of Information Studies, Associate, Center for Information Policy Research, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Signatures received after November 3 and Towards January 28, 2010 International Privacy Day

Licda. Renata Avila, Fundación Guatemala 2020
Valeria Betancourt, Coordinadora, Programa de Políticas de TIC en América Latina, APC (Ecuador)
Jean-Claude Paul (France)
Jose F. Callo Romero, Secretario, ISOC Peru
Yann Fiévet, Professeur de Sciences Economiques et Sociales (France)
Colette Hoffsaes, maître de conférences honoraire (France)
Philippe Lequesne (France)
Ivan-Diego Meseguer ( France )
Josiane Jouët (France)
Jean-Jacques GANDINI, avocat à Montpellier, membre du Syndicat des Avocats de France et de la Ligue des Droits de l’Homme (France)
Thierry Kopernik (France)
Jay Libove, CISSP, CIPP (Spain)
Andrea Naranjo Leclercq Investigadora – SEDIF ULB Service d’Informtion er Formation, Université Libre de Bruxelles (Belgium)
David Reeve, Photographer (United States)
Ahmed Swapan Mahmud, Executive Director, VOICE (Bangladesh)
Malte Spitz, Member of the National Executive Committee of the German Greens (Germany)
Baudouin SCHOMBE (Africa)
A. Van Sprakelaar (The Netherlands)
Joris van Hoboken, Legal Researcher, IViR: Institute for Information Law (The Netherlands)
Maude Vadot, Montpellier (France)
Rodel Urani, Computer Professional, Independent Consultant, Corporate Governance of IT (Philippines)
Deirdre Williams (Sta. Lucia)
Chip Pitts, Lecturer, Stanford Law School (United States)
Tapani Tarvainen, Chairman, Electronic Frontier Finland (Finland)
Marie-Andree Weiss, Attorney, New York City (United States)
Prof.Dr.Wolfgang Benedek, University of Graz, Austria
Ramon Brenna (Argentina)
Norbert Klein’s (Camboia)
Dr. Joss Wright, Research Associate in privacy, Chair of IT Security, University of Siegen, Germany
Ginger Paque, DiploFoundation
Judy Okite(Republic, Kenya)
Randy Bush, Tokyo Japan
Valérie Dagrain
Cécile Sabourin, Professeure, UQAT, Coordonnatrice, Comité Q/C Charte des responsabilités humaines

Please send your signature to privacy AT Datos-personales dot org
The deadline to submit your signature due on January 28, 2010, International Privacy Day