In the midst of the COVID-19 crisis, experts have witnessed a rise in the number of disinformation and cyber espionage campaigns emerging from state actors, including Russia and China. Speaking with the Guardian, Citizen Lab director, Ron Deibert, warns that “This is a global event that touches everyone directly. The heightened level of anxiety means citizens are dependent on getting access to health information, often working at home. That anxiety means people are more likely to click on something malicious.”

A poster warning against the spread of fake news on the coronavirus in Hanoi, Vietnam. Photograph: Kham/Reuters